I can’t believe it’s not Python

I’ve been recently experimenting with a new string formatting library for C++ and realized that it can be used for converting objects to strings à la Python’s str function. In fact the implementation of such function is almost trivial:

template <typename T>
std::string str(const T &value) {
  return fmt::format("{}", value);
}

See this post to learn more about fmt::format.

The str function, unlike sprintf, can work with any type that has appropriate std::ostream inserter operator <<. For example:

class Date {
  int year_, month_, day_;
 public:
  Date(int year, int month, int day)
  : year_(year), month_(month), day_(day) {}

  friend std::ostream &operator<<(std::ostream &os, const Date &d) {
    os << d.year_ << '-' << d.month_ << '-' << d.day_;
    return os;
  }
};

auto s = str(Date(2012, 12, 9));
// s == "2012-12-9"

The str function applies the default formatting for the type, so if you want to have control over formatting you should use format instead.

Being based on format, str uses IOStreams only for user-defined types, but not for built-in types which it handles much more efficiently. Additional performance improvement in str can be achieved by getting rid of the format string and passing arguments to the formatter directly. This requires minor changes to the library since this functionality is currently private to the Formatter class.

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